When we want to go to a psychology professional to treat a problem, it can be confusing and even overwhelming to choose the most beneficial therapy for us, as well as the type of psychologist who performs it. Cognitive-behavioral psychologists, gestalists, psychoanalysis ... What is each therapy about? Today we make a brief summary of the main psychological currents that psychotherapists use and their fundamental characteristics.
- 1 When to seek therapy and why?
- 2 Cognitive behavioral psychologist
- 3 Behavioral Psychologist
- 4 Psychoanalyst Psychologist
- 5 Gestalista Psychologist
- 6 Systemic Psychologist
- 7 Humanist Psychologist
When to seek therapy and why?
Psychological problems, like physical problems, can arise at any time in the life of an individual, contrary to what is popularly believed. Having a psychological problem is normal and we can all see each other in that situation at any time in our lives. Other times, we simply feel lost in life's circumstances that we know how to handle and try to find a professional guide to overcome obstacles. For all these aspects and many more, togoing to psychological therapy is effective and sometimes very necessary.
Until today there have been many prejudices when it comes to therapy, so many people do not dare to take the step, either for what they will say or for not wanting to accept that there is a problem. However, the benefits of receiving the help of a good psychological health professional are usually very favorable. The problem can arise when a person outside the field of psychology must decide what type of therapist to choose, since there are different currents and perspectives that can make the lesson difficult. So, from Psychoactive We briefly explain what the main psychological currents consist of:
Cognitive Behavioral Psychologist
The psychocognitive behavioral logos They are based on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, a type of therapy that currently enjoys great scientific and experimental support. That is why this is the type of therapy that is most commonly used today at a global level to treat different problems, both in the public and private spheres, since its proven effectiveness has led it to keep booming during the last decades Cognitive-behavioral psychologists practice numerous techniques that have shown great benefit in cases such as depression or anxiety disorders, among others.
This current lays its foundation in the fusion of two therapies: the behaviorism and the findings of the cognitive psychology. As with behaviorism, cognitive behavioral therapy is part of experimental and empirical fundamentals in which aspects such as the analysis of the context and the stimuli that influence the person, the learning, the associations and ultimately the action on the individual behavior, in a practical and quantifiable way, are emphasized. But in addition, adhere concepts of the cognitive psychology, as the study of internal psychological processes (internal speech according to behaviorism) that mediate between the context and the response of each person, that is, the thoughts, beliefs, values and emotions of people taken as a basic element to always work from an empirical and low perspective scientific parameters
The foundations of therapy are based on analyzing the patient's dysfunctional thinking patterns that maintain inappropriate behaviors and planning strategies to modify them, as well as achieving healthier behavior.
The behavioral psychologist adheres to the foundations of Behaviorism, current that dominated much of the twentieth century and whose practical findings are still used today, having influenced other currents such as cognitive-behavioral. The behaviorism defend a psychology based on scientific and observable fundamentals, leaving aside any speculative approach that prevails in other types of therapies. For behaviorism, the focus of research and therapy is observable behavior, a behavior that is influenced by the context and relationships between it, learning and the individual's response. Behavioral psychologists continue to use therapies such as exposure therapy, relaxation and behavioral activation, with great effectiveness, especially to treat specific problems such as phobias, depression or eating disorders.
The psychoanalytic therapists they practice psychology from the perspective of Psychoanalysis, the popular psychological school that is born from the figure of the psychologist Sigmund Freud, of great influence during the twentieth century.
This therapy is based on the exploration of unconscious emotions and thoughts of people and in the analysis of the impact of the past of the individual in his current life. According to psychoanalysts, to understand a person you have to find what is hidden in your subconscious, those repressed memories that remain hidden from conscious reality and that, according to this perspective, cause most of the psychological problems. For this they use techniques such as free association, in which people say what comes to mind after hearing a word pronounced by the therapist or dream interpretations, in which they try to clarify that lies in the unconscious of the person through the analysis of dreams.
The Gestalist psychologists they act from the perspective of Gestalt Psychology, founded in the forties and which bases its foundations from a humanistic perspective. According to this psychological school, people's minds use certain organizational principles, whether values, principles or rules, to order the information they perceive. In this way, convert partial information in a whole, more than a simple sum of several parts. The gestalistic psychologists, focus on the present moment without trying to investigate the past and focus the therapy on the complete experience of people and their problems, not on the concrete elements. In addition, gestalist therapy places great emphasis on the relationship between the psychotherapist and the patient, who must explore their own problems and situations creatively and without following the therapist's guidelines.
Systemic psychology is based on understanding the problems of people from their context, understood as dynamic in relationships with other people, whether in family, work, couples, etc. According to this psychological current, the problems that a person presents are part of the role it represents within a context, in which relationships arise that directly influence their behavior. For this, systemic psychologists do not focus on analytical processes or on the theoretical approach of problems, but on a practical approach in which those behavior patterns within a group that are harmful to individuals are identified, to achieve their improvement .
The humanist psychologists They focus on studying the growth of people and their well-being, based on a kind and healthy vision of the human being in general. His perspective is based on Humanist Psychology and in practice, therapy focuses on the present moment of people and their tools to develop and grow, understanding the psychological problem as a blockage of their abilities for self-growth.
Links of interest
Cognitive Psychology and its applications. //www.psicoactiva.com/blog/consiste-la-psicologia-cognitiva/
Humanist Psychology: what it is and what it consists of. //www.psicoactiva.com/blog/la-psicologia-humanista-que-es-y-en-que-consiste/
What is psychoanalysis? The psychoanalytic approach of Psychology. //www.psicoactiva.com/blog/psicoanalisis-enfoque-psicoanalitico-la-psicologia/
Types of Therapy. //www.psychologytoday.com/intl/types-of-therapy
What is Behavioral Psychology? //www.psicoactiva.com/blog/consiste-la-psicologia-conductual/
Different Types of Therapy Psychotherapy: Which is Best For You ?. //www.talkspace.com/blog/different-types-therapy-psychotherapy-best/Related tests
- Depression test
- Goldberg depression test
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- how do others see you?
- Sensitivity test (PAS)
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