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How to teach children to recognize their emotions

How to teach children to recognize their emotions

The emotions they are affective states that we experience, subjective reactions that we generate based on the events around us, reactions that are accompanied by physiological and even endocrine changes.

Emotions have an adaptive function towards our surroundings

It is a state that suddenly occurs more or less intensely and more or less transiently.

In psychology 6 types of basic emotions have been described, although Recent studies state that there are many more:

  • Fear
  • Surprise
  • Aversion
  • Go to
  • Joy
  • Sadness

On many occasions children find it difficult to correctly recognize their emotions, and this is not always an easy task, even for adults.

Teach skills of Emotional Intelligence For children, training them to better distinguish and clarify their own emotions and contextualize them is a powerful tool that will help them in their growth and social adaptation. For example, when children are aware that they are jealous and not only sad, their ability to process such emotion and make decisions about their behavior improves markedly.

Children are great visual learners, so they work a lot with them through drawings, graphics and colors. For this reason, graphics such as the one shown below have been prepared to help them better catalog their feelings at one point.

This graphic requires discerning between facial expressions that sometimes have somewhat subtle, but important differences. To be useful, the expression has to be translated into a human equivalent, something that adults can do by putting the right face.

This is one of the many graphics and prints that exist, but it is a good example to start working with it, since it is a useful and visual way for children to internalize the names of their feelings.

Let us encourage children to use the word instead of the tantrum and crying to express how they feel, it is much better for both them and adults!

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